India’s polished-diamond exports declined 3% to $22.85 billion in 2022, according to recent data from the country’s Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC). Shipments grew year on year for each of the first six months before declining for the rest of the year.
India Trade Data for December and Full Year 2022
|Net polished exports||$1.17B||-28%|
|Net rough imports||$1.48B||-27%|
|Net diamond account||-$308M||Deficit decreased 25%|
|Polished exports: volume||1.4 million carats||-38%|
|Average price of polished exports||$936/carat||16%|
|Full Year 2022||Year-on-year change|
|Net polished exports||$21.44B||-2%|
|Net rough imports||$17.69B||4%|
|Net diamond account||$3.75B||-22%|
|Polished exports: volume||24.8 million carats||-21%|
|Average price of polished exports||$922/carat||22%|
About the data: India, the world’s largest diamond-cutting center, is a net importer of rough and a net exporter of polished. As such, net polished exports — representing polished exports minus polished imports — will usually be a positive number. Net rough imports — calculated as rough imports minus rough exports — will also generally be in surplus. The net diamond account is total rough and polished exports minus total imports. It is India’s diamond trade balance, and shows the added value the nation creates by manufacturing rough into polished.
Image: Diamond merchants in Mahidharpura, Surat, in 2015. (Shutterstock)